Sunday, March 17, 2013

Reading Assignment #2 3/17/2013

1. Describe interaction and stability in 3-D form. What is the “three plane rule?” Give an example?
It has been discovered that there are only three ways that two planar forms can interact with each other. (1) When paper is folded, it meets at a common edge. (2) An edge of one plane can have a common boundary with another. (3) Two planes can pass through one another. The three plane rule is the most simple way to achieve stability. "A stable structure results when any three planes meet so that each plane interacts with both of the other planes."
Honeycomb Lamp
Kyouei Co. ltd

2. What is an environmental plane and planar structure? Give examples and describe it.
Examples of environmental planes are walls, ceilings, shelves, surface of the earth, etc. They are examples because they all define space in where a planar object finds itself. The ground plane is what a planar structure is attached to.
Magnetic Steel Block Installation
OBU by Elisabeth Lemercier

3. Define an architectonic form. List three examples given in the reading: (A). (B). (C.)
Architectonic form is the category for furniture, architecture, and other objects. Three examples are (A) regular geometric shapes, (B) emphasis on horizontal and vertical orientations and (C) the contrast of closed and open space.
MRM Arquitectos: Añorbe Cemetery Extension

4. How cans a reflective surface effect the transition of space? 
Reflective surfaces can effect transitions by creating the illusion of space.
Mut Design
Zig-Zag Mirror
5. How can planes define volume?
A space is divided and shaped by a plane. For example, a circle can be shown as cross-section slice from a sphere.
Wangjing SOHO
Zaha Hadid

6. Describe the following organizational principles that relate to 3 dimensional forms: (Give your own visual examples)

1. Organization-the structure or pattern that ties an object and it's elements together.
Carpet Pattern Skyscraper Structures
Babak Golkar

2. Synergy-"the whole is greater than the sum of it's parts." Each element individually is not interesting, but when but together in numbers it creates something interesting.
Tokujin Yoshioka: Mirage for LEMA
Milan Design Week 2013

3. Order and freedom- Human minds naturally create order. Excess freedom can result in the lack of viewer engagement. 

Waelice 3D printed wall lamps
Saint-Etienne Biennale 2013
4. Structure and unity-A grid is the most common systematic structure. Relies on formal and math principles, while unity is the principle that perceptual devices bind a composition together.

Japan Pavilion
Expo 2000
Hanover, Germany

5. Symmetry-the same on both sides. Most common is the 'mirrored' or bilateral symmetry.

Ivo Rodrigues
6. Repetition within variety- repetition with the same elements into a composition. When there is no variety in the repetition, viewer interest is blanketed.
Isbjerget Housing Project in Aarhus by seARCH, CEBRA, JDS + Louis Paillard

7. Rhythm and gradation-both help to create variety. 
Waelice 3D printed wall lamps by nodesign
Saint-Ettienne Biennale 2013

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